Advanced Exercises on Subject Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement is an essential concept in grammar that every writer and editor should know. It refers to the relationship between the subject and the verb of a sentence. When they match in number, the sentence is grammatically correct, and the meaning is clear. However, sometimes, subject-verb agreement can be tricky, especially when dealing with complex sentences or collective nouns. In this article, we will explore some advanced exercises on subject-verb agreement to help you improve your writing skills.

1. Compound subjects and verbs

Compound subjects and verbs can be confusing if you are not careful. When a sentence contains two or more subjects, the verb must agree with the subject closest to it. For example, “The dog and the cat play in the yard.” In this sentence, the subjects are “the dog” and “the cat,” which are both singular. Therefore, the verb “play” should be singular as well.

2. Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite pronouns are words that refer to a non-specific person, place, or thing. Examples include “anyone,” “everyone,” “someone,” “nothing,” “everything,” and “each.” When using indefinite pronouns as subjects in a sentence, always consider their singular or plural nature. For instance, “Everyone agrees that the movie was great” is correct because “everyone” is a singular indefinite pronoun, and the verb “agrees” agrees with it.

3. Collective nouns

Collective nouns are words that refer to groups of people or things acting as a single unit. Examples include “team,” “audience,” “class,” “committee,” and “family.” When using collective nouns as subjects in your sentence, you should decide whether to treat them as singular or plural. For instance, “The team is playing well” is correct because “team” is being used as a single unit. However, “The committee are divided on the issue” is incorrect because “committee” should be treated as a singular noun.

4. Complex sentences

Complex sentences are those with two or more clauses, each with its subject and verb. When writing complex sentences, ensure that each clause agrees with its subject and verb. For instance, “Although he was tired, John went to work, and he finished his project” is correct. The first clause has the subject “he,” and the verb “was,” which agree. The second clause has the subject “John,” and the verb “went,” which agree as well.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is essential in writing clear and grammatically correct sentences. These advanced exercises on subject-verb agreement will help you improve your writing skills and avoid common errors. Remember to pay attention to compound subjects and verbs, indefinite pronouns, collective nouns, and complex sentences. With practice, you can master subject-verb agreement and become a better writer.

Independent Contractor Vs Work for Hire

When it comes to hiring freelancers for your business, there are two types of agreements you can choose from: independent contractor and work for hire. Each of these agreements has its own set of rules, responsibilities, and legal obligations.

Independent Contractor

In an independent contractor agreement, the freelancer is not an employee of the company but rather an independent entity. This means that the freelancer is responsible for their own taxes, insurance, and other benefits. The company is only responsible for paying the freelancer for their services.

The advantages of an independent contractor agreement are numerous. It allows for a more flexible working relationship, as the freelancer can work on a project-by-project basis and can work with multiple companies at the same time. It also allows the company to save on the expense of benefits and taxes that come with hiring a full-time employee.

However, there are some potential downsides to an independent contractor agreement. The freelancer may not be as invested in the company as a full-time employee, and may not have the same level of loyalty or commitment. Additionally, misclassifying an employee as an independent contractor can result in serious legal consequences.

Work for Hire

A work for hire agreement is a contract that specifies that the freelancer is creating a work for the company as an employee. This means that the company owns all the rights to the work, and the freelancer is not entitled to any royalties or future profits from the project.

The advantages of a work for hire agreement are that the company owns all the rights to the work, and can use it in any way they see fit. This can include selling the work to a third party or licensing it for use in other projects. Additionally, since the freelancer is an employee of the company, they may have a greater sense of loyalty and commitment to the project.

However, the downsides of a work for hire agreement are that it can be more expensive for the company, as they are responsible for paying all the benefits and taxes associated with hiring an employee. Additionally, the freelancer may not be able to use the work they created for other projects, limiting their ability to build their portfolio.

In conclusion, both independent contractor and work for hire agreements have their advantages and disadvantages. It`s important to consider your specific needs and goals when deciding which agreement to use. Regardless of which option you choose, be sure to consult with legal counsel to ensure that you are meeting all legal requirements and avoiding potential legal pitfalls.

Construction Agreement Format in Tamil Language

Construction Agreement Format in Tamil Language

A construction agreement is a legal contract between a construction company and the client, outlining the terms and conditions of a construction project. It is a vital document that sets out the scope of work, materials needed, payment terms, and other details of the construction project. As such, it is essential that it is drafted accurately in a clear and concise manner to avoid misunderstandings or disputes between the parties involved.

In Tamil Nadu, the construction industry is booming, and many construction firms and clients speak the Tamil language. Therefore, it is crucial that a construction agreement be written in Tamil for better comprehension and ease of use. Here`s a guide to creating a construction agreement in Tamil.

Format of a Construction Agreement in Tamil

Header: The header should include the title of the document, name, and address of both the parties, the date of the agreement, and the project details.

Introduction: The introduction should state the purpose of the agreement and give an overview of the project, such as the location, size, and estimated time of completion.

Scope of Work: This section outlines the specific work to be done, including the materials and labor needed, and any other details relevant to the project.

Terms and Conditions: This section should define the payment terms, penalties for late completion or breach of contract, warranties, and other terms related to the construction project.

Insurance: This section outlines the insurance requirements that the construction firm should have to protect the client and the construction project.

Force Majeure: This section should outline any potential risks or force majeure events that could impact the construction project, such as natural disasters or strikes.

Dispute Resolution: This section outlines how disputes between the parties involved in the construction agreement will be resolved, such as through arbitration or mediation.

Signature: The agreement should conclude with signatures from both parties involved, acknowledging their acceptance and understanding of the terms and conditions outlined in the document.


A construction agreement in Tamil language is an important document that lays out the terms and conditions of a construction project. It is essential that it is written clearly and concisely to avoid any confusion or disputes. The format of a construction agreement should be similar to that of an English agreement, with sections covering scope of work, terms and conditions, insurance, force majeure, dispute resolution, and signatures. By creating a carefully crafted construction agreement in Tamil, the parties involved in a construction project can avoid misunderstandings and ensure a successful project outcome.

How to Pay Contractor with Credit Card Uk

If you`re a freelancer or contractor in the UK, you may be wondering how to get paid by your clients using a credit card. While this method is convenient for both parties, there are certain steps you need to follow to ensure a smooth transaction.

1. Set Up a Merchant Account

The first step is to set up a merchant account with a payment gateway provider. This will allow you to accept credit card payments from your clients. Some popular providers in the UK include PayPal, Stripe, and Worldpay.

2. Inform Your Clients

Let your clients know that you accept credit card payments as a form of payment. It`s a good idea to include this information on your website, business cards, and email signature. This will make it easier for clients to know what payment options are available to them.

3. Provide an Invoice

When you`re ready to bill your clients, provide an itemized invoice that includes the amount owed, payment due date, and payment options. Make sure to include your merchant account details, such as your payment gateway provider and account ID number.

4. Securely Process the Payment

Once your client agrees to pay by credit card, securely process the payment through your payment gateway provider. Many providers have built-in fraud protection measures to ensure that the payment is legitimate. Make sure to follow all processing guidelines to avoid any issues with chargebacks or disputes.

5. Confirm Payment and Deliverables

Once the payment has been processed, confirm receipt of payment with your client and deliver any promised work or goods. It`s a good idea to send a confirmation of payment email so that your client has proof of payment.

6. Monitor Your Payment Processing Fees

Keep an eye on the fees charged by your payment gateway provider. Some providers charge a flat transaction fee while others charge a percentage of the payment amount. Make sure to factor these fees into your pricing to avoid taking a loss.

In conclusion, accepting credit card payments as a contractor in the UK is a convenient payment option for both you and your clients. By following these simple steps, you can ensure a secure and smooth transaction process.

Amendment to the Employment Contract Template

As companies grow and evolve, they may find it necessary to make amendments to their employment contracts. An amendment to an employment contract is a change made to the original agreement, often to reflect changes in the company`s policies or practices.

If you`re an employer or HR professional, it`s important to know how to draft an effective amendment to the employment contract template. Here are some tips to help you get started.

1. Outline the changes clearly

When drafting an amendment to an employment contract, it`s essential to outline the changes clearly and concisely. This should include the specific sections of the contract being amended and the exact changes being made. This will help avoid confusion or misunderstandings down the line.

2. Use clear language

When drafting an amendment, it`s important to use clear and concise language. Avoid using legalese or technical jargon that could make it difficult for employees to understand the changes being made. Instead, use plain language that is easy to read and understand.

3. Include effective dates

Make sure to include the effective date of the amendment. This is the date when the changes will take effect, and it should be clearly stated in the document. This will help ensure that all parties are aware of when the changes are taking place.

4. Get employee consent

Before implementing any changes to an employment contract, it`s essential to get the employee`s consent. This can be done by having the employee sign the amended contract or by providing them with a copy and giving them the opportunity to review and accept the changes.

5. Review regularly

Employment contracts should be reviewed regularly to ensure they remain up to date and reflect current policies and practices. Consider scheduling regular reviews annually or as needed to ensure that your employment contracts remain effective and compliant with relevant laws and regulations.

In conclusion, an amendment to an employment contract template is a necessary step in ensuring that an agreement remains relevant to the current situation and policies. By following the tips outlined above, you can draft an effective amendment that is easy to understand and enforce. Always seek legal advice before making any significant changes, and ensure that you have the consent of all parties before implementing any changes.